I decided not to get too detail since, you can find out more about this organization by visiting their website, given below . However, here is a synopsis that will give you a over view about the UN.
After World War II, the international community recognized its responsibility to guarantee the civil liberties of the peoples of the world, and to work for peace, security and stability on a worldwide scale. The United Nations Charter was then drawn up by the Allied of 51(now 191) countries on the 24th of October 1945. The Charter* lays out the four purposes and seven principles of the UN:
1. To preserve world peace and security.
2. To encourage and develop friendly relations among nations.
3. To help nations cooperate in solving their international problems.
4. To serve as an neutral center through which nations can work to attain these goals.
1. All members have equal rights.
2. All members must carry out their duties under the Charter, to ensure all the rights and benefits that comes with membership.
3. All members agree to the principle of settling their international disputes peacefully so that; peace, security and justice, are not endangered.
4. Members agree not to use force or the threat of force against other nations, except in self-defense.
5. All members must agree to help the UN in every action it takes seeking to fulfill the purposes of the Charter, and should refrain from giving assistance to any nation that the UN is taking preventive or enforcement action against.
6. The UN agrees to act on the principle that nonmember states have the same duties as member states to preserve world peace and security.
7. The UN accepts the principle of not interfering in the actions of a member nation within its own jurisdiction.
The United Nation has six main organs:
1. General Assembly - UN parliament, all member represented and each having one vote.
2. Security Council - peace keeping organ. Has a membership of 15. Five (5 ) of which are permanent.
3. Economic and Social Council -monitors economic, social, cultural, educational,health matters and the guarantee of human rights.
4. Trusteeship Council - oversee the administration of UN Trust Territories.
5. Secretariat - manage the day-to-day operation of the various organs.
6. International Court of Justice - preside over cases of international law.
To learn more about the United Nation you can visit their website given below:
Click to visit: The United Nations
(Definition from UN website)
* The Charter is the constituting instrument of the United Nations, setting out the rights and obligations of Member States, and establishing the Organization's organs and procedures.
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