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Countries around the World and their Capital City

Published Saturday, January 13, 2007

A country’s capital is usually the principal city associated with a country's seat of government. Historically, the capital is usually the major economic center of a nation and the center of political power and thus, it is the one that the enemy usually captures first after invading a country. Capturing the capital is usually a military strategy that means defeat for the country being invaded since it guarantees capture of the government. Also, it is usually most the populous city attracting people from all classes and professions because it is the country’s cultural, social, economic, political and intellectual center. However,today, this not always the case for all capital cities, there are countries with unorthodox capital cities which are not the most populous cities or host to the seat of government. This may be due to pragmatic reasons or situations in that country. Some capital cities maybe unofficial while others official and they do not represent the seat of the government. So a capital city is not necessarily in few cases, the symbol for the state and its government. Here's a list of countries worldwide with their capitals below:

Countries and their Capitals





Albania Tirana
Algeria Algiers
Andorra Andorra la Vella
Angola Luanda
Antigua and Barbuda St. John's
Argentina Buenos Aires
Armenia Yerevan
Australia Canberra
Austria Vienna
Azerbaijan Baku


Bahrain Al-Manámah
Bangladesh Dhaka
Barbados Bridgetown
Belarus Mensk (Minsk)
Belgium Brussels
Belize Belmopan
Benin Porto-Novo (official). Largest city and seat of government is: Cotonou
Bhutan Thimphu (official)
Bolivia Sucre. Administrative capital is: La Paz
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo (unofficial)
Botswana Gaborone
Brazil Brasília
Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan
Bulgaria Sofia
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou
Burundi Bujumbura


Phnom Penh
Cameroon Yaoundé
Canada Ottawa, Ontario
Cape Verde Praia
Central African Republic Bangui

Chile Santiago
China Beijing
Colombia Santafé de Bogotá
Comoros Moroni (on Grande Comoro)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the Kinshasa
Congo, Republic of Brazzaville
Costa Rica San José
Côte d'Ivoire Yamoussoukro (official). Largest city and administrative center is: Abidjan
Croatia Zagreb
Cuba Havana
Cyprus Lefkosia (Nicosia) - government controlled area
Czech Republic Prague


Djibouti Djibouti
Dominica Roseau
Dominican Republic Santo Domingo

East Timor

Ecuador Quito
Egypt Cairo
El Salvador San Salvador
Equatorial Guinea Malabo
Eritrea Asmara
Estonia Tallinn
Ethiopia Addis Ababa


Suva (on Viti Levu)
Finland Helsinki
France Paris


Gambia Banjul
Georgia Tbilisi
Germany Berlin
Ghana Accra
Greece Athens
Grenada St. George's
Guatemala Guatemala City
Guinea Conakry
Guinea-Bissau Bissau
Guyana Georgetown


Honduras Tegucigalpa
Hungary Budapest


India New Delhi
Indonesia Jakarta
Iran Tehran
Iraq Baghdad
Ireland Dublin
Israel Jerusalem. However the embassy for foreign countries are all found in Tel Aviv.
Italy Rome


Japan Tokyo
Jordan Amman


Kenya Nairobi
Kiribati Tarawa
Korea, North Pyongyang
Korea, South Seoul
Kuwait Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek (formerly Frunze)


Latvia Riga
Lebanon Beirut
Lesotho Maseru
Liberia Monrovia
Libya Tripoli
Liechtenstein Vaduz
Lithuania Vilnius
Luxembourg Luxembourg


Madagascar Antananarivo
Malawi Lilongwe
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur
Maldives Malé
Mali Bamako
Malta Valletta
Marshall Islands Majuro
Mauritania Nouakchott
Mauritius Port Louis
Mexico Mexico City
Micronesia Palikir
Moldova Chisinau
Monaco Monaco
Mongolia Ulaan Baatar
Montenegro Podgorica (administrative capital); Cetinje (capital city)
Morocco Rabat
Mozambique Maputo
Myanmar Rangoon (Yangon)


Windhoek. Summer capital: Swakopmund
Nauru Yaren
Nepal Kathmandu
Netherlands Amsterdam (official); The Hague (administrative capital)
New Zealand Wellington
Nicaragua Managua
Niger Niamey
Nigeria Abuja
Norway Oslo




Palau Koror
Palestinian State (proposed) Undetermined
Panama Panama City
Papua New Guinea Port Moresby
Paraguay Asunción,
Peru Lima
Philippines Manila
Poland Warsaw
Portugal Lisbon




Russia Moscow
Rwanda Kigali

St. Kitts and Nevis

Basseterre (on St. Kitts)
St. Lucia Castries
St. Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown
Samoa Apia
San Marino San Marino
São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé
Saudi Arabia Riyadh
Senegal Dakar
Serbia Belgrade
Seychelles Victoria
Sierra Leone Freetown
Singapore Singapore
Slovakia Bratislava
Slovenia Ljubljana
Solomon Islands Honiara (on Guadalcanal)
Somalia Mogadishu
South Africa Pretoria; Legislative capital and largest city: Cape Town. Judicial capital: Bloemfontein.
Spain Madrid
Sri Lanka Colombo. Legislative and judicial capital: Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Sudan Khartoum
Suriname Paramaribo
Swaziland Mbabane; Royal and legislative capital: Lobamba, circa
Sweden Stockholm
Switzerland Bern
Syria Damascus


Tajikistan Dushanbe
Tanzania Dodoma. Largest city (2003 est.): Dar es Salaam
Thailand Bangkok
Togo Lomé, 749,700
Tonga Nuku'alofa
Trinidad and Tobago Port-of-Spain
Tunisia Tunis
Turkey Ankara
Turkmenistan Ashgabat
Tuvalu Funafuti


Ukraine Kyiv (Kiev)
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi
United Kingdom London
United States Washington
Uruguay Montevideo
Uzbekistan Tashkent


Port Vila
Venezuela Caracas
Vietnam Hanoi

Western Sahara (proposed state)

El Aaiun




Zimbabwe Harare

Related Articles:
States and Capitals: The 50 States of America and their Capitals
Spanish Speaking Countries - Countries Where Spanish Is Mostly Spoken
Smallest country in the world
State Mottos: The Mottos of All Fifty US States
United States Abbreviations and State Postal Codes
Nicknames of America 50 States
Mottos for countries around the world
Languages by Countries

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At 11:54 PM, Anonymous beats power beats said...

Some countries might have lost their capital in an ancient war, and moved their capital.

I think that's happened quite a bit.

Right you are Phoenix :) One example of such a case is Nubia (Kingdom of Kush or Cush) which is now known as Sudan. The ancient Nubians (Kushites) first had their capital city at the city of Napata but after they were conquered by the Assyrians they then moved it to Meroe.

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